The movement successfully exploits the mass despair especially that of its lower middle classes, in the economic slump, and brings into closer correspondence the political, military, and economic orders. . . Big business circles are willing to help finance the Party, which, among other things, promises to smash the labor movement. . . There is a party monopoly of formal communications, including educational institutions. All symbols are recast to reform the basic legitimating of the coordinating society. The principle of absolute and magical leadership (charismatic rule) in a strict hierarchy is widely promulgated, in a social structure that is . . . held together by a network of rackets.
If you are thinking this is a description of the Republican / Tea Party, you would be surprisingly wrong. It is actually a definition of Fascism circa 1923-1945 by Columbia University professor C. Wright Mills with the word 'Nazi' removed. It is more than ironic that this word 'Fascist' is so easily thrown at President Obama, when it actually describes the current Republican Party to a tee. This is known by Psychologists as projection.
Psychological projection or projection bias is a psychological defense mechanism where a person subconsciously denies his or her own attributes, thoughts, and emotions, which are then ascribed to the outside world, usually to other people. In the political realm however it is not a psychological defense mechanism, but rather a political one. It is meant to redirect responsibility on to the political opposition and off of the actual culprit.
Manufactured, irrelevant, cruel and incorrect accusations or outright falsehoods designed to damage or destroy an opponent are easily described as dirty tricks. They serve to tie up the opponent into defending against and answering false charges rather than explaining their policies and platform.
Sometimes dirty tricks are not only aimed at slandering the opponent. Dishing the dirt against your candidate's opponent can be effective at alienating voters in order to turn them off from the entire project. These tactics may reduce turnout in order to assure your candidate gains by having his/her core voters show up at the polls; thus, an operative molds the outcome by angering everyone. The effort to lower an official's or a candidate's popularity in the polls is called "driving the negatives" or "Rovism".